[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

[Xen-devel] [PATCH] Solved the Xen PV/KASLR riddle

> > So not much further... but then I think I know what I do next. Probably 
> > should
> > have done before. I'll replace the WARN_ON in vmalloc that triggers by a 
> > panic
> > and at least get a crash dump of that situation when it occurs. Then I can 
> > dig
> > in there with crash (really should have thought of that before)...
> <nods> I dug a bit in the code (arch/x86/xen/mmu.c) but there is nothing there
> that screams at me, so I fear I will have to wait until you get the crash
> and get some clues from that.

Ok, what a journey. So after long hours of painful staring at the code...
(and btw, if someone could tell me how the heck one can do a mfn_to_pfn
in crash, I really would appreaciate :-P)

So at some point I realized that level2_fixmap_pgt seemed to contain
an oddly high number of entries (given that the virtual address that
failed would be mapped by entry 0). And suddenly I realized that apart
from entries 506 and 507 (actual fixmap and vsyscalls) the whole list
actually was the same as level2_kernel_gpt (without the first 16M

And then I realized that xen_setup_kernel_pagetable is wrong to a
degree which makes one wonder how this ever worked. Adding PMD_SIZE
as an offset (2M) isn't changing l2 at all. This just copies Xen's
kernel mapping, AGAIN!.

I guess we all just were lucky that in most cases modules would not
use more than 512M (which is the correctly cleaned up remainder
of kernel_level2_pgt)...

I still need to compile a kernel with the patch and the old layout
but I kind of got exited by the find. At least this is tested with
the 1G/~1G layout and it comes up without vmalloc errors.


From 4b9a9a45177284e29d345eb54c545bd1da718e1b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Stefan Bader <stefan.bader@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 28 Aug 2014 19:17:00 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] x86/xen: Fix setup of 64bit kernel pagetables

This seemed to be one of those what-the-heck moments. When trying to
figure out why changing the kernel/module split (which enabling KASLR
does) causes vmalloc to run wild on boot of 64bit PV guests, after
much scratching my head, found that the current Xen code copies the
same L2 table not only to the level2_ident_pgt and level2_kernel_pgt,
but also (due to miscalculating the offset) to level2_fixmap_pgt.

This only worked because the normal kernel image size only covers the
first half of level2_kernel_pgt and module space starts after that.
With the split changing, the kernel image uses the full PUD range of
1G and module space starts in the level2_fixmap_pgt. So basically:


And now the incorrect copy of the kernel mapping in that range bites

This change might not be the fully correct approach as it basically
removes the pre-set page table entry for the fixmap that is compile
time set (level2_fixmap_pgt[506]->level1_fixmap_pgt). For one the
level1 page table is not yet declared in C headers (that might be
fixed). But also with the current bug, it was removed, too. Since
the Xen mappings for level2_kernel_pgt only covered kernel + initrd
and some Xen data this did never reach that far. And still, something
does create entries at level2_fixmap_pgt[506..507]. So it should be
ok. At least I was able to successfully boot a kernel with 1G kernel
image size without any vmalloc whinings.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Bader <stefan.bader@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
 arch/x86/xen/mmu.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c b/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
index e8a1201..803034c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
@@ -1902,8 +1902,22 @@ void __init xen_setup_kernel_pagetable(pgd_t *pgd, 
unsigned long max_pfn)
                /* L3_i[0] -> level2_ident_pgt */
                /* L3_k[510] -> level2_kernel_pgt
-                * L3_i[511] -> level2_fixmap_pgt */
+                * L3_k[511] -> level2_fixmap_pgt */
+               /* level2_fixmap_pgt contains a single entry for the
+                * fixmap area at offset 506. The correct way would
+                * be to convert level2_fixmap_pgt to mfn and set the
+                * level1_fixmap_pgt (which is completely empty) to RO,
+                * too. But currently this page table is not delcared,
+                * so it would be a bit of voodoo to get its address.
+                * And also the fixmap entry was never set anyway due
+                * to using the wrong l2 when getting Xen's tables.
+                * So let's just nuke it.
+                * This orphans level1_fixmap_pgt, but that should be
+                * as it always has been.
+                */
+               memset(level2_fixmap_pgt, 0, 512*sizeof(long));
        /* We get [511][511] and have Xen's version of level2_kernel_pgt */
        l3 = m2v(pgd[pgd_index(__START_KERNEL_map)].pgd);
@@ -1913,21 +1927,15 @@ void __init xen_setup_kernel_pagetable(pgd_t *pgd, 
unsigned long max_pfn)
        addr[1] = (unsigned long)l3;
        addr[2] = (unsigned long)l2;
        /* Graft it onto L4[272][0]. Note that we creating an aliasing problem:
-        * Both L4[272][0] and L4[511][511] have entries that point to the same
+        * Both L4[272][0] and L4[511][510] have entries that point to the same
         * L2 (PMD) tables. Meaning that if you modify it in __va space
         * it will be also modified in the __ka space! (But if you just
         * modify the PMD table to point to other PTE's or none, then you
         * are OK - which is what cleanup_highmap does) */
        copy_page(level2_ident_pgt, l2);
-       /* Graft it onto L4[511][511] */
+       /* Graft it onto L4[511][510] */
        copy_page(level2_kernel_pgt, l2);
-       /* Get [511][510] and graft that in level2_fixmap_pgt */
-       l3 = m2v(pgd[pgd_index(__START_KERNEL_map + PMD_SIZE)].pgd);
-       l2 = m2v(l3[pud_index(__START_KERNEL_map + PMD_SIZE)].pud);
-       copy_page(level2_fixmap_pgt, l2);
-       /* Note that we don't do anything with level1_fixmap_pgt which
-        * we don't need. */
        if (!xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
                /* Make pagetable pieces RO */
                set_page_prot(init_level4_pgt, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);

Xen-devel mailing list



Lists.xenproject.org is hosted with RackSpace, monitoring our
servers 24x7x365 and backed by RackSpace's Fanatical Support®.