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[Xen-devel] [PATCH] x86/svm: Fix a livelock when trying to run shadowed unpaged guests

On AMD processors which support SMEP (Some Fam16h processors) and SMAP (Zen,
Fam17h), a guest which is running with shadow paging and clears CR0.PG while
keeping CR4.{SMEP,SMAP} set will livelock, as hardware raises #PF which the
shadow pagetable concludes shouldn't happen.

This occurs because hardware is running with host paging settings, which
causes the guests choice of SMEP/SMAP to actually take effect, even though
they shouldn't from the guests point of view.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@xxxxxxxx>
CC: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Suravee Suthikulpanit <suravee.suthikulpanit@xxxxxxx>

Discovered when trying to fix my comprehensive pagetable XTF test to run on
Zen processors.
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+)

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
index 12ddc8a..b9cf423 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/hvm/svm/svm.c
@@ -576,6 +576,24 @@ void svm_update_guest_cr(struct vcpu *v, unsigned int cr)
         if ( paging_mode_hap(v->domain) )
             value &= ~X86_CR4_PAE;
         value |= v->arch.hvm_vcpu.guest_cr[4];
+        if ( !hvm_paging_enabled(v) )
+        {
+            /*
+             * When the guest thinks paging is disabled, Xen may need to hide
+             * the effects of shadow paging, as hardware runs with the host
+             * paging settings, rather than the guests settings.
+             *
+             * Without CR0.PG, all memory accesses are user mode, so
+             * _PAGE_USER must be set in the shadow pagetables for guest
+             * userspace to function.  This in turn trips up guest supervisor
+             * mode if SMEP/SMAP are left active in context.  They wouldn't
+             * have any effect if paging was actually disabled, so hide them
+             * behind the back of the guest.
+             */
+            value &= ~(X86_CR4_SMEP | X86_CR4_SMAP);
+        }
         vmcb_set_cr4(vmcb, value);

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