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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 1/2] Revert "x86/hvm: disable pkeys for guests in non-paging mode"

On Wed, 2017-05-31 at 08:44 +0100, Andrew Cooper wrote:
> On 31/05/2017 08:09, Han, Huaitong wrote:
> > On Fri, 2017-05-26 at 18:03 +0100, Andrew Cooper wrote:
> >> This reverts commit c41e0266dd59ab50b7a153157e9bd2a3ad114b53.
> >>
> >> When determining Access Rights, Protection Keys only take effect when 
> >> CR4.PKE
> >> it set, and 4-level paging is active.  All other circumstances (notibly, 
> >> 32bit
> >> PAE paging) skip the Protection Key control mechanism.
> >>
> >> Therefore, we do not need to clear CR4.PKE behind the back of a guest 
> >> which is
> >> not using paging, as such a guest is necesserily running with EFER.LME
> >> disabled.
> > Yes, if EFER.LME = 0, Protection Keys would take no effect too, so it
> > isn't necessary to clear CR4.PKE in non-paging mode.
> >
> >> The {RD,WR}PKRU instructions are specified as being legal for use in any
> >> operating mode, but only if CR4.PKE is set.  By clearing CR4.PKE behind the
> >> back of an unpaged guest, these instructions yield #UD despite the guest
> >> seeing PKE set if it reads CR4, and OSPKE being visible in CPUID.
> > If CR4.PKE is cleared, OSPKE would be invisible at the same time. When
> > guest does set CR4_PKE in non-paging mode, then CR4_PKE would be cleared
> > in vmcs loading, so, OSPKE should be always invisible, and #UD should
> > not be yielded too.
> Remember that for HVM guests, Xen calculates OSPKE in software; it never
> comes from hardware, as CPUID is an automatic VMEXIT.
> The CPUID code uses the same source of information as a read from cr4,
> so comes to the conclusion that OSPKE should be visible.
> Therefore, when the guest looks at CPUID, it sees OSPKE set even though
> hardware would come to the opposite conclusion.

Yes, I get the reason: the hw_cr4 is updated, but the guest_cr4 is not
updated, so the OSPKE is visible.

> > Reviewed-by: Huaitong Han <huaitong.han@xxxxxxxxx>
> Does this stand despite the OSPKE issue?
Yes, I have no comments now.

> ~Andrew

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