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Re: [Xen-devel] HVMLite / PVHv2 - using x86 EFI boot entry

> This has nothing to do with dominance or anything nefarious, I'm asking
> simply for a full engineering evaluation of all possibilities, with
> the long term in mind. Not for now, but for hardware assumptions which
> are sensible 5 years from now.

There are two different things in my mind about this conversation:

 1). semantics of low-level code wrapped around pvops. On baremetal
   it is easy - just look at Intel and AMD SDM.
   And this is exactly what running in HVM or HVMLite mode will do -
   all those low-level operations will have the same exact semantic
   as baremetal.

   There is no hope for the pv_ops to fix that.

   And I am pretty sure the HVMLite in 5 years will have no
   trouble in this as it will be running in VMX mode (HVM).
 2). Boot entry.

   The semantics on Linux are well known - they are documented in

   HVMLite Linux guests have to somehow provide that.

   And how it is done seems to be tied around:

   a) Use existing boot paths - which means making some
      extra stub code to call in those existing boot paths
      (for example Xen could bundle with an GRUB2-alike
       code to be run when booting Linux using that boot-path).

      Or EFI (for a ton more code). Granted not all OSes
      support those, so not very OS agnostic.

       Hard part - if the bootparams change then have to
      rev up the code in there. May be out of sync
      with Linux bootparams.

   b) Add another simpler boot entry point which has to copy
     "some" strings from its format in bootparams.

   So this part of the discussion does not fall in the
   hardware assumptions. Intel SDM or AMD mention nothing about
   boot loaders or how to boot an OS - that is all in realms
   of how software talks to software.

 3). And there is the discussion on man-power to make this

 4). Lastly which one is simpler and involves less code so
    that there is a less chance of bitrot.

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