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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH v11 06/16] qspinlock: prolong the stay in the pending bit path

On 06/12/2014 02:00 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
On Wed, Jun 11, 2014 at 05:22:28PM -0400, Long, Wai Man wrote:

@@ -233,11 +233,25 @@ void queue_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 
        for (;;) {
-                * If we observe any contention; queue.
+                * If we observe that the queue is not empty or both
+                * the pending and lock bits are set, queue
-               if (val&  ~_Q_LOCKED_MASK)
+               if ((val&  _Q_TAIL_MASK) ||
+                   (val == (_Q_LOCKED_VAL|_Q_PENDING_VAL)))
                        goto queue;
+               if (val == _Q_PENDING_VAL) {
+                       /*
+                        * Pending bit is set, but not the lock bit.
+                        * Assuming that the pending bit holder is going to
+                        * set the lock bit and clear the pending bit soon,
+                        * it is better to wait than to exit at this point.
+                        */
+                       cpu_relax();
+                       val = atomic_read(&lock->val);
+                       continue;
+               }
                new = _Q_LOCKED_VAL;
                if (val == new)
                        new |= _Q_PENDING_VAL;
Wouldn't something like:

        while (atomic_read(&lock->val) == _Q_PENDING_VAL)

before the cmpxchg loop have gotten you all this?
That is not exactly the same. The loop will exit if other bits are set or the 
bit cleared. In the case, we will need to do the same check at the beginning of 
for loop in order to avoid doing an extra cmpxchg that is not necessary.
If other bits get set we should stop poking at the pending bit and get
queued. The only transition we want to wait for is: 0,1,0 ->  0,0,1.

What extra unneeded cmpxchg() is there? If we have two cpus waiting in
this loop for the pending bit to go away then both will attempt to grab
the now free pending bit, one will loose and get queued?

There's no avoiding that contention.

If two tasks see the pending bit goes away and try to grab it with cmpxchg, there is no way we can avoid the contention. However, if some how the pending bit holder get the lock and another task set the pending bit before the current task, the spinlock value will become _Q_PENDING_VAL|_Q_LOCKED_VAL. The while loop will end and the code will blindly try to do a cmpxchg unless we check for this case before hand. This is what my code does by going back to the beginning of the for loop.


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