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[Xen-devel] [PATCH RFC 3/9] x86/traps: Make the main trap handlers safe for use early during Xen boot

Most of this patch is an analysis of the safety of the trap handlers.

Traps 0, 4, 5, 9-12, 16, 17 and 19 all end up in do_trap().  do_trap() is
mostly safe, performing an exception table search and possibly panic()s.

There is one complication with traps 16 and 19 which will see about calling
the fpu_exception_callback.  This involves following current which is not
valid early on boot.  The has_hvm_container_vcpu(curr) check is preceeded with
a system_state check, so in the exceedingly unlikely case that Xen takes an
x87/SIMP trap while booting, it will panic() instead of following a bogus
current vcpu.

Traps 1, 3, 6-8, 13 and 15 are completely safe with respect to running during
early boot.  They all have well formed and obvious differences between faults
in Xen and faults in guests, with the Xen faults doing little more than
exception table walks or panic()s.

Trap 2 is a complicted codepath, but appears safe.  For the possible injection
of NMIs into dom0 there is a NULL domian pointer check.  The possible softirq
raised for PCI SERR will be devered until we start the idle vcpu, but is safe.

Trap 14 is very complicated.  The code is certainly unsafe for boot as
fixup_page_fault() will dereference current to find the running domain.  There
exists an explicit do_early_page_fault() handler which shall continue to be

Trap 18 has a default handler before the MCE infrastructure is set up, which
has always been unsafe and liable to deadlock itself with the console lock.
As it is expected never to trigger, and if it did we would be in serious
problems, the simple printk() is replaced with a fatal error path.

Trap 20 (Virtualisation Exception) is currently not implemented.  It is fatal
one way or another, and will become more explicitly so with later changes.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Keir Fraser <keir@xxxxxxx>
CC: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@xxxxxxxx>
CC: Tim Deegan <tim@xxxxxxx>
 xen/arch/x86/cpu/mcheck/mce.c |    5 +++--
 xen/arch/x86/traps.c          |    3 ++-
 2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/xen/arch/x86/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
index a81952c..5488411 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
@@ -72,8 +72,9 @@ custom_param("mce_verbosity", mce_set_verbosity);
 /* Handle unconfigured int18 (should never happen) */
 static void unexpected_machine_check(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, long 
-    printk(XENLOG_ERR "CPU#%d: Unexpected int18 (Machine Check).\n",
-           smp_processor_id());
+    console_force_unlock();
+    printk("Unexpected Machine Check Exception");
+    fatal_trap(TRAP_machine_check, regs);
diff --git a/xen/arch/x86/traps.c b/xen/arch/x86/traps.c
index 1de70af..65e4609 100644
--- a/xen/arch/x86/traps.c
+++ b/xen/arch/x86/traps.c
@@ -561,7 +561,8 @@ static void do_trap(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, int 
     if ( ((trapnr == TRAP_copro_error) || (trapnr == TRAP_simd_error)) &&
-         has_hvm_container_vcpu(curr) && 
curr->arch.hvm_vcpu.fpu_exception_callback )
+         system_state >= SYS_STATE_active && has_hvm_container_vcpu(curr) &&
+         curr->arch.hvm_vcpu.fpu_exception_callback )
             curr->arch.hvm_vcpu.fpu_exception_callback_arg, regs);

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