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[Xen-devel] [PATCH] tools/libxl: Don't read off the end of tinfo[]

It is very common for BIOSes to advertise more cpus than are actually present
on the system, and mark some of them as offline.  This is what Xen does to
allow for later CPU hotplug, and what BIOSes common to multiple different
systems do to to save fully rewriting the MADT in memory.

An excerpt from `xl info` might look like:

nr_cpus                : 2
max_cpu_id             : 3

Which shows 4 CPUs in the MADT, but only 2 online (as this particular box is
the dual-core rather than the quad-core SKU of its particular brand)

Because of the way Xen exposes this information, a libxl_cputopology array is
bounded by 'nr_cpus', while cpu bitmaps are bounded by 'max_cpu_id + 1'.

The current libxl code has two places which erroneously assume that a
libxl_cputopology array is as long as the number of bits found in a cpu
bitmap, and valgrind complains:

==14961== Invalid read of size 4
==14961==    at 0x407AB7F: libxl__get_numa_candidate (libxl_numa.c:230)
==14961==    by 0x407030B: libxl__build_pre (libxl_dom.c:167)
==14961==    by 0x406246F: libxl__domain_build (libxl_create.c:371)
==14961==  Address 0x4324788 is 8 bytes after a block of size 24 alloc'd
==14961==    at 0x402669D: calloc 
==14961==    by 0x4075BB9: libxl__zalloc (libxl_internal.c:83)
==14961==    by 0x4052F87: libxl_get_cpu_topology (libxl.c:4408)
==14961==    by 0x407A899: libxl__get_numa_candidate (libxl_numa.c:342)

Signed-off-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Ian Campbell <Ian.Campbell@xxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Ian Jackson <Ian.Jackson@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Dario Faggioli <dario.faggioli@xxxxxxxxxx>
 tools/libxl/libxl_numa.c  |    5 ++++-
 tools/libxl/libxl_utils.c |    5 ++++-
 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/libxl/libxl_numa.c b/tools/libxl/libxl_numa.c
index 20c99ac..4fac664 100644
--- a/tools/libxl/libxl_numa.c
+++ b/tools/libxl/libxl_numa.c
@@ -180,6 +180,7 @@ static int nodemap_to_nr_vcpus(libxl__gc *gc, int 
 /* Number of vcpus able to run on the cpus of the various nodes
  * (reported by filling the array vcpus_on_node[]). */
 static int nr_vcpus_on_nodes(libxl__gc *gc, libxl_cputopology *tinfo,
+                             size_t tinfo_elements,
                              const libxl_bitmap *suitable_cpumap,
                              int vcpus_on_node[])
@@ -222,6 +223,8 @@ static int nr_vcpus_on_nodes(libxl__gc *gc, 
libxl_cputopology *tinfo,
             libxl_for_each_set_bit(k, vinfo[j].cpumap) {
+                if (k >= tinfo_elements)
+                    break;
                 int node = tinfo[k].node;
                 if (libxl_bitmap_test(suitable_cpumap, k) &&
@@ -364,7 +367,7 @@ int libxl__get_numa_candidate(libxl__gc *gc,
      * all we have to do later is summing up the right elements of the
      * vcpus_on_node array.
-    rc = nr_vcpus_on_nodes(gc, tinfo, suitable_cpumap, vcpus_on_node);
+    rc = nr_vcpus_on_nodes(gc, tinfo, nr_cpus, suitable_cpumap, vcpus_on_node);
     if (rc)
         goto out;
diff --git a/tools/libxl/libxl_utils.c b/tools/libxl/libxl_utils.c
index c9cef66..1f334f2 100644
--- a/tools/libxl/libxl_utils.c
+++ b/tools/libxl/libxl_utils.c
@@ -762,8 +762,11 @@ int libxl_cpumap_to_nodemap(libxl_ctx *ctx,
-    libxl_for_each_set_bit(i, *cpumap)
+    libxl_for_each_set_bit(i, *cpumap) {
+        if (i >= nr_cpus)
+            break;
         libxl_bitmap_set(nodemap, tinfo[i].node);
+    }
     libxl_cputopology_list_free(tinfo, nr_cpus);
     return rc;

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