[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 5/6] xen-netback: coalesce slots before copying

On Mon, Mar 25, 2013 at 4:34 PM, David Vrabel <david.vrabel@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On 25/03/13 15:47, Wei Liu wrote:
>> On Mon, Mar 25, 2013 at 3:13 PM, David Vrabel <david.vrabel@xxxxxxxxxx> 
>> wrote:
>>> On 25/03/13 11:08, Wei Liu wrote:
>>>> This patch tries to coalesce tx requests when constructing grant copy
>>>> structures. It enables netback to deal with situation when frontend's
>>>> MAX_SKB_FRAGS is larger than backend's MAX_SKB_FRAGS.
>>>> It defines max_skb_slots, which is a estimation of the maximum number of 
>>>> slots
>>>> a guest can send, anything bigger than that is considered malicious. Now 
>>>> it is
>>>> set to 20, which should be enough to accommodate Linux (16 to 19).
>>> This maximum needs to be defined as part of the protocol and added to
>>> the interface header.
>> No, this is not part of the protocol and not a hard limit. It is
>> configurable by system administrator.
> There is no mechanism by which the front and back ends can negotiate
> this value, so it does need to be a fixed value that is equal or greater
> than the max from any front or back end that has ever existed.

Are you suggesting move the default macro value to header file? It is
just an estimation, I have no knowledge of the accurate maximum value,
so I think make it part of the protocol a bad idea.

Do you have a handle on the maximum value?

> The reason for this patch is that this wasn't properly specified and
> changes outside of netback broke the protocol.
>>>> +
>>>> +                             if (unlikely(!first)) {
>>> This isn't unlikely is it?
>> For big packet the chance is 1 in max_skb_slots, so 5% (1/20) in default 
>> case.
> I don't understand your reasoning here.  The "if (!first)" branch is
> taken once per page.  It will be 100% if each slot goes into its own
> page and only 5% if the packet is less than PAGE_SIZE in length but
> split into 20 slots.

My mistake. Should be a small packet split into multiple slots.

>>> [...]
>>>> +             /* Setting any number other than
>>>> +              * INVALID_PENDING_RING_IDX indicates this slot is
>>>> +              * starting a new packet / ending a previous packet.
>>>> +              */
>>>> +             pending_tx_info->head = 0;
>>> This doesn't look needed.  It will be initialized again when reusing t
>>> his pending_tx_info again, right?
>> Yes, it is needed. Otherwise netback responses to invalid tx_info and
>> cause netfront to crash before coming into the re-initialization path.
> Maybe I'm missing something but this is after the make_tx_reponse()
> call, and immediately after this pending_tx_info is returned to the
> pending ring as free.

So it is a bit tricky here. Let me clarify this, the head field is
used to indicate the start of a new tx requests queue and the end of
previous queue.

Imagine a sequence of head fileds(I = INVALID_PENDING_RING_IDX below),
the number is the starting index of pending ring.

  .... 0 I I I 5 I I ...

consume all tx_info but not setting I to 0 (or any number other then
I) makes the sequence remains the same as before. The in subsequent
call to process next SKB, which has 3 extra slots, which makes the
sequence look like

  .... 8 I I I I I I ...

but in fact the correct sequence should be

  .... 8 I I I 0 I I ...

The wrong sequence makes netbk_idx_release responses to more slots
than required, which causes netfront to crash miserably.


> David

Xen-devel mailing list



Lists.xenproject.org is hosted with RackSpace, monitoring our
servers 24x7x365 and backed by RackSpace's Fanatical Support®.