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Re: [Xen-devel] Emulated vgas problems with qemu upstream on Xen

> Some times ago I have reported several times the problem with emulated vgas 
> with
> qemu upstream on xen.
> For example this was my last report about:
> > WIth both cirrus and stdvga under qemu upstream with xen the performance are
> > poor even if I increase video memory, respect to qemu-only and qemu-kvm
> > (without xen).
> > Qxl is definitely not working under xen and conversely is ok on qemu-kvm and
> > qemu-only.
> > 
> > It seem that xen need change and/or fix to have full working emulated vga on
> > qemu upstream.
> > At the moment all emulated vgas have problems with xen that aren't present
> > without xen.
> > 
> > The performance differences are noticeable (in some case very big) with xen
> > and without xen using resolution > 1024x768.
> > 
> > Probably the first link explain the change/fix necessary in xen about vga
> > (probably in hvmloader).

Which link refer this sentence ?

> > I tried to do that more times failing but unfortunately I do not have
> > sufficient knowledge about this.
> > Can someone help me please?
> > 
> > I think this is important, years ago the minimal resolution used on desktop
> > was 1024x768, and no problem with actual vga setting but now minimal
> > resolution seems increased to up 1366x768 and many people are using even
> > higher resolutions.
> > http://www.screenresolution.org/year-2013/
> When I started testing qemu upstream at the end of 2011 there were critical 
> bugs
> on videoram setting resolved with patches on qemu and xen.
> I did recently libxl patch that correctly set videoram and add qxl support but
> it seems that on xen with qemu upstream all the emulated vga working only as
> standard vga.
> What I mean is: even if I see the total amout of ram (i.e. 64 mb) on guest, 
> the
> performances are poor in special mode when I increase the resolution even in
> real simple operations like screen updates.
> I spent some days to find a solution, after comparative tests with qemu-kvm 
> and
> qemu-only when using same build of qemu and seabios on both linux/windows
> domU/vm the problem seem of hvmloader.
> I have tried to find what is exactly the culprit to no avail.
> I don't have knownladge about bios parts.
> I also tried to see the differences of seabios tables between xen and kvm or
> qemu-only with:
> -chardev stdio,id=seabios -device isa-debugcon,iobase=0x402,chardev=seabios
> but Xen domU doesn't show the details (probably because seabios with xen uses
> the tables passed by hvmloader)
> Today I also tested this patches probably related to solution:
> [PATCH]xen/hvmloader: define a TOM register
> [PATCH] qemu: define a TOM register to report the base of PCI
> The problem persists, probably this is only partial solution about hvmloader
> changes needed for full support upstream qemu vgas.
> This is an important problem to solve, not only for support bigger resolutions
> and good support of a opensource vdi solution but also because with stdvga is
> impossible to use some resolutions, for example the actually most used 
> 1366x768.
> (screenshots of examples with windows 7 on attachment)
> Screenshots show list of resolutions supported by standard vga and qxl full
> working.
> There is also a strange difference on bios info line of qxl between xen and 
> kvm.
> Someone tells that hvmloader do not cause problem with upstream qemu 
> vgabioses,
> the difference is only caused by hvmloader generated tables or probably or is
> there another problem to found?
> I also did some tests with ovmf after applied this patch:
> http://lists.xen.org/archives/html/xen-devel/2013-02/msg01363.html
> and using updated tianocore git, but it seems there are more work to do on
> hvmloader for complete integration.
> I think like others that a hvmloader rewrite more minimal without including
> firmwares in hvmloader but linking them instead and using ovmf with seabios
> included (for support both eufi and bios) will be the best definitive solution
> for future of hvm domU.
> Probably now the more important thing is fixes to hvmloader with seabios to 
> have
> a full feature and stable qemu upstream on xen 4.3.
> Is there someone that can help me to solve emulated vgas problem with upstream
> qemu?
> Thanks for any reply and sorry for my bad english.

Could you give more details. Are you measuring performance or just are
sensible slow? Did you try with qemu traditional and works better? Which
system are you using and which resolution are you trying to use? Do you
use vnc or other graphics output?

There could be problems in the video resolution informations. Other
issue could happen if OS have problems detecting linear frame pointer
and fall back to page switching. I had a similar problem with Qemu
traditional and Windows 8.

It's not hard to backport new resolutions.


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