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[Xen-devel] [PATCH v4] xen PVonHVM: move shared_info to reserved memory area

This is a respin of 00e37bdb0113a98408de42db85be002f21dbffd3
("xen PVonHVM: move shared_info to MMIO before kexec").

Currently kexec in a PVonHVM guest fails with a triple fault because the
new kernel overwrites the shared info page. The exact failure depends on
the size of the kernel image. This patch moves the pfn from RAM into an
E820 reserved memory area.

The pfn containing the shared_info is located somewhere in RAM. This will
cause trouble if the current kernel is doing a kexec boot into a new
kernel. The new kernel (and its startup code) can not know where the pfn
is, so it can not reserve the page. The hypervisor will continue to update
the pfn, and as a result memory corruption occours in the new kernel.

The toolstack marks the memory area FC000000-FFFFFFFF as reserved in the
E820 map. Within that range newer toolstacks will keep 1MB starting from
FE700000 as reserved for guest use. Older toolstacks will usually not
allocate areas up to FE700000, so FE700000 is expected to work also with
older toolstacks.

Signed-off-by: Olaf Hering <olaf@xxxxxxxxx>
 rebase to 3.7-rc3
 make xen_hvm_init_shared_info static                                           
 add __init to xen_hvm_set_shared_info                                          

 arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 arch/x86/xen/suspend.c   |  2 +-
 arch/x86/xen/xen-ops.h   |  2 +-
 3 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
index 586d838..0cc41f8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
@@ -101,7 +101,6 @@ struct shared_info xen_dummy_shared_info;
 void *xen_initial_gdt;
-RESERVE_BRK(shared_info_page_brk, PAGE_SIZE);
 __read_mostly int xen_have_vector_callback;
@@ -1495,38 +1494,53 @@ asmlinkage void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
-void __ref xen_hvm_init_shared_info(void)
+#define HVM_SHARED_INFO_ADDR 0xFE700000UL
+static struct shared_info *xen_hvm_shared_info;
+static void xen_hvm_connect_shared_info(unsigned long pfn)
-       int cpu;
        struct xen_add_to_physmap xatp;
-       static struct shared_info *shared_info_page = 0;
-       if (!shared_info_page)
-               shared_info_page = (struct shared_info *)
-                       extend_brk(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
        xatp.domid = DOMID_SELF;
        xatp.idx = 0;
        xatp.space = XENMAPSPACE_shared_info;
-       xatp.gpfn = __pa(shared_info_page) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+       xatp.gpfn = pfn;
        if (HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_add_to_physmap, &xatp))
-       HYPERVISOR_shared_info = (struct shared_info *)shared_info_page;
+static void __init xen_hvm_set_shared_info(struct shared_info *sip)
+       int cpu;
+       HYPERVISOR_shared_info = sip;
        /* xen_vcpu is a pointer to the vcpu_info struct in the shared_info
         * page, we use it in the event channel upcall and in some pvclock
         * related functions. We don't need the vcpu_info placement
         * optimizations because we don't use any pv_mmu or pv_irq op on
-        * HVM.
-        * When xen_hvm_init_shared_info is run at boot time only vcpu 0 is
-        * online but xen_hvm_init_shared_info is run at resume time too and
-        * in that case multiple vcpus might be online. */
-       for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+        * HVM. */
+       for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
                per_cpu(xen_vcpu, cpu) = 
-       }
+/* Reconnect the shared_info pfn to a (new) mfn */
+void xen_hvm_resume_shared_info(void)
+       xen_hvm_connect_shared_info(HVM_SHARED_INFO_ADDR >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+/* Obtain an address to the pfn in reserved area */
+static void __init xen_hvm_init_shared_info(void)
+       xen_hvm_shared_info =
+               (struct shared_info *)fix_to_virt(FIX_PARAVIRT_BOOTMAP);
+       xen_hvm_connect_shared_info(HVM_SHARED_INFO_ADDR >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+       xen_hvm_set_shared_info(xen_hvm_shared_info);
 static void __init init_hvm_pv_info(void)
        int major, minor;
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/suspend.c b/arch/x86/xen/suspend.c
index 45329c8..ae8a00c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/suspend.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/suspend.c
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ void xen_arch_hvm_post_suspend(int suspend_cancelled)
        int cpu;
-       xen_hvm_init_shared_info();
+       xen_hvm_resume_shared_info();
        if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_hvm_safe_pvclock)) {
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/xen-ops.h b/arch/x86/xen/xen-ops.h
index a95b417..d2e73d1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/xen-ops.h
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/xen-ops.h
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ void xen_enable_syscall(void);
 void xen_vcpu_restore(void);
 void xen_callback_vector(void);
-void xen_hvm_init_shared_info(void);
+void xen_hvm_resume_shared_info(void);
 void xen_unplug_emulated_devices(void);
 void __init xen_build_dynamic_phys_to_machine(void);

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