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Re: [Xen-devel] Unable to start a domain with no disks

Ian Campbell writes ("Re: [Xen-devel] Unable to start a domain with no disks"):
> On Fri, 2012-10-12 at 16:50 +0100, Ian Campbell wrote:
> > On Fri, 2012-10-12 at 16:45 +0100, Ian Campbell wrote:
> > > Trying to start a very simple domain with no disk from:

> > This makes the issue go away but since this function also free's the ao
> > I think there must be a use after free somewhere.

In this case what happens is that the tty available event gets queued
in the outer egc, which survives until after libxl__ao_inprogress has
returned.  You only see the bug with no disks because with disks the
events are only generated later in the event loop inside


Subject: [PATCH] libxl: ao: cope with fast ao completion with progess events

There are two egcs in an ao initiator: the one in the AO_CREATE
function, and the one in libxl__ao_inprogress.  If synchronous ao
operation generates progress events and completes immediately, the
progress callbacks end up queued in the outer egc.  These callbacks
are currently only called after libxl__ao_inprogress has returned, and
keep the ao alive until they happen.  This is not good because the
principle is that a synchronous ao is not supposed to survive beyond
libxl__ao_inprogress's return.

The fix is to ensure that the callbacks queued in the outer egc are
called early enough that they don't preserve the ao.  This is
straightforward in the AO_INPROGRESS macro because AO_CREATE's egc is
not used inside that macro other than to destroy it.  All we have to
do is destroy it a bit sooner.

This involves unlocking and relocking the ctx since EGC_FREE expects
to be called with the lock released but libxl__ao_inprogress needs it
locked.  The is hole in our lock tenure is fine - libxl__ao_inprogress
has such holes already.

It is still possible to use the CTX_LOCK macros for this unlock/lock
because the gc we are using is destroyed only afterwards by

Signed-off-by: Ian Jackson <ian.jackson@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

diff -r 8aadb3204cfa tools/libxl/libxl_internal.h
--- a/tools/libxl/libxl_internal.h      Thu Sep 06 21:41:27 2012 +0200
+++ b/tools/libxl/libxl_internal.h      Fri Oct 12 17:20:10 2012 +0100
@@ -1709,10 +1709,12 @@ _hidden void libxl__egc_cleanup(libxl__e
 #define AO_INPROGRESS ({                                        \
         libxl_ctx *ao__ctx = libxl__gc_owner(&ao->gc);          \
+        CTX_UNLOCK;                                             \
+        EGC_FREE;                                               \
+        CTX_LOCK;                                               \
         int ao__rc = libxl__ao_inprogress(ao,                   \
                                __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__);   \
         libxl__ctx_unlock(ao__ctx); /* gc is now invalid */     \
-        EGC_FREE;                                               \
         (ao__rc);                                               \

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